# “Unprecedented” Rainfall ?

A recent Met Office press release , which was taken up by the BBC and most national newspapers, claimed the following:

“New innovative research has found that for England and Wales there is a 1 in 3 chance of a new monthly rainfall record in at least one region each winter (Oct-Mar).”

The paper in nature is called ” High risk of unprecedented UK rainfall in the current climate” and is based on model simulations, rather than real measurements of rainfall in regions of UK. Can this really be  true? The result is based on an ensemble of model runs with ~ 400 ppm where regional winter precipitation is generated stochastically, based on some assumed dependence of CO2 levels with temperature and humidity.

To judge these results we first need to understand exactly what 1 in 3 really means. Secondly if such an increased risk really has occurred then should it not already be evident in the data?

So in this post we look at the measured monthly rainfall data. If the above claim is true then we should observe a skewed distribution of monthly record rainfalls towards recent times.

There are 5 regions in England and the rainfall monthly averages  all start in 1873. This means there are 144 completed years to consider up to July 2017.

The probability of a rainfall record goes as 1/n-years so in year 1 the probability is 100% year 2: 50% year 3: 33% etc. Therefore  the probability of a new record for one month and one region after 145 years (2017)  is 1/145 or 0.7%.

The paper  defines ‘winter’ to be 6 months (Oct,Nov,Dec,Jan,Feb,Mar). So the random probability of a record year in any month and for any region in 2017 is 21% or roughly 1 in 5 (6*5*0.7). (Richard Allan says the study is actually based on just 4 regions, if so then the random probability is 17% for 4 regions however this does not affect the argument).

The claim is that climate change has increased the probability of a new record in any year to 1 in 3. In other words that the chance has increased by 50%. Now if that is true then it should be possible to check for this in the data itself, because the probability must have been steadily increasing with CO2, or their claim is not supported. It can’t suddenly step up by a factor 2 in 2017.

So lets look at the Met Office’s own data for regional rainfall to see if there is any evidence of an increase in records with time. We take 1960 (based on Hadcrut4) as a marker for the onset of CO2 induced warming. The plots below show the rainfall distributions for each of the 6 months in 5 regions of England. Monthly record rainfalls are highlighted by the circles.

1)Rainfall monthly data for South East England. Monthly record rainfalls for each month  are highlighted. Units are mm of rain ( not inches!)

There is one record occurring after 1960 for South East England (Storm Jan 2014).

2) South West Region. Units are mm of rain ( not inches!)

Again we have one record after 1960 corresponding to the storms of 2013/14.

3) Central England. Units are mm of rain ( not inches!)

For Central England there is only one record ( February 1983) after 1960.

4) North West England. Units are mm of rain ( not inches!)

For North West England there are 4 records post 1960 with December 2013 coincident with the 2013/14 winter storms.

5) North East. Units are mm of rain ( not inches!)

There are no records  at all after 1960 for North East England.

There are 30 available rainfall records (6 months x 5 regions).  22 of these records occur before 1960 and 8 of them occur after 1960.

On a purely random basis one would expect 60% (18 records) to occur before 1960 and 40% (12 records) to occur  after 1960. Therefore there is no ‘real life’ evidence to support the hypothesis of any increased risk of ‘unprecedented’ rainfall.

Even AR5 states: “The complexity  of land surface and atmospheric processes limits confidence in regional projections  of  precipitation change, especially over land…”

Perhaps a case of cognitive dissonance ?

This entry was posted in AGW, Climate Change, climate science, UK Met Office and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

### 12 Responses to “Unprecedented” Rainfall ?

1. euanmearns says:

Hi Clive, good post. The Met office, Nature and the BBC now appear desperate. The only reason they would cobble something like this together is because they badly want / wish for catastrophe to happen. It seems to me they are mentally deranged.

• Clive Best says:

Euan,

You’re right. There seems to be a desire to bolster the belief that we face impending doom come what may, perhaps for fear of being proved wrong. The alternative is to lose face, influence and credibility. Truth will eventually prove to be somewhere down the middle and become a great leveller. However right now their careers can’t afford to wait that long to find out. All we can do is continue to point out the logical inconsistencies .

• Joe Public says:

Steve Steve McI made a comment over at his place today:

Alinsky’s ‘Rules for Radicals’ Rule #5:

“Ridicule is man’s most potent weapon.”

2. Clive, what are you doing? Looking at the data? No, the data is wrong. What you should do is throw away all that old data and use a computer model instead. I’m afraid you are not cut out to be a climate scientist.

• Clive Best says:

I know.

If only I could keep to the consensus script than I too could get papers published in Nature.

Instead I have had two rejections because I keep straying from the path.

3. oldbrew says:

Unprecedented propaganda by the Met Office. But they are only kidding themselves in reality.

• Clive Best says:

I know.

The sad thing is that Nature will publish anything alarmist.

4. Tony Price says:

Do you really think that 203 INCHES of rain fell in the South-East in November 1940? That would be an average of almost 7 INCHES per day! The data is in MILLIMETRES for god’s sake!

• Clive Best says:

Yes – That was a bit silly.
That’s what happens when you do things too fast! I think the world record average rainfall is about 400 inches/year !

5. Clive Best says:

This video sums up the Met Office claims rather nicely.

6. Steven Mosher says:

“So we can’t really measure global temperatures much before the satellite era or before ~1980.”

wrong.

We can never measure it.

We can estimate it back to the very first thermometer
You dont need anomalies.

7. arationofreason says:

warming due solely to co2 GH blanket adds NO additional energy into the earth system. How could it evaporate more water which is necessary to fall as additional rain?